Water Filtration and Purification: What’s the Difference?
If you have hard water or worry about the contaminants that may be present in your tap water, there are ways to clean your water. Through water purification or filtration, you can enjoy cleaner, healthier drinking water. However, most people do not understand the difference between water filtration and purification.
The Basic Difference Between Filters and Purifiers
The main difference between purification and filtration is the method used to remove contaminants. Water filtration is mainly a physical process using filters that the water passes through. Water purification is a chemical process that helps kill harmful bacteria and viruses.
Water Filters Help Remove Impurities and Particles
At the most basic level, a water filter provides a physical barrier that helps collect particles and removes them from the water. Like any other filter, the filter catches debris and helps eliminate impurities in the water.
Some water filtration systems include several filters, with each filter serving a different purpose. They may include a filter for removing large particles and an active carbon filter for removing organic chemicals, such as hydrogen sulfide or chlorine.
Water Purifiers Help Remove Biological Contaminants
The main purpose of a water purifier is to remove biological contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria. Some purifiers may include a filter for getting rid of larger particles and debris. However, the primary use of a purifier is to get rid of substances that may pose an immediate health risk.
Water purifiers use a chemical process to clean your water. The most common chemicals used to complete this process are iodine and chlorine. Chlorine is the preferred chemical, as iodine poses certain health risks, especially when used for a prolonged period.
Which Option Should You Choose for Your Home or Business?
Choosing between filtration and purification depends on your water usage and the types of contaminants that you want to remove from the water.
If you are concerned about the presence of viruses and bacteria in your water, you may need a water purifier to cleanse your water. However, the purification process lacks the ability to remove heavy metals, such as radium.
A water filtration system is most often the best solution for homes and businesses that need clean water. Water filters remove impurities that affect the taste, smell, and cleanliness of your tap water. You may effectively remove heavy metals and reduce high levels of minerals, such as lead.
While water filtration is typically recommended over water purification for most home or business applications, filtration still has trouble removing certain impurities, such as iron and nitrates. To remove these minerals, you may need a reverse osmosis treatment. Reverse osmosis uses a membrane to remove large particles, ions, and molecules from your drinking water.
Last Thoughts on Water Filtration and Purification
If you need assistance selecting the right filtration and purification system for your home or business, the first step is to test your water. Finding out what types of impurities lurk in your tap water will help you select the right process.
The bottom line is that water filtration offers the most effective solution for removing most contaminants. However, water purification or reverse osmosis may be needed to kill viruses or bacteria.